马拉维湖CichlidA bright blue male cichlid, commonly referred to as zebra living near Kande Island.
湖泊马拉维湖潜水潜水，含有Aquarises最喜欢的淡水坦克鱼。许多人喜欢精美的色彩CICHLIDS., but few dive this beautiful lake in South Eastern Africa. Apart from its aquarium fish, Lake Malawi is also a biologically important lake containing the most number of species in any one lake.
The ninth largest lake in the world and the third largest in Africa, Lake Malawi stretches 365 miles across and is 52 miles wide. It sits between the countries of Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. David Livingstone came across the lake in 1856 during his Africa exploration. When he asked the local people what its name was, they told him “Nyasa”, which he later found out meant “lake” in the local language.
潜水湖马拉维has been on my bucket list for quite some time, probably due to hearing about the impressive rates of evolution during biology classes or seeing some of the beautifully colored cichlid fish in aquariums. So after about 30 hours of flying and a six-hour car ride, I ended up on the shores of northern Lake Malawi at Kande Beach.
一个美丽的白色沙滩和浅蓝色水，与天空融合在迎接我。距离海上大米，大约半英里，是一个摇滚岛也叫Kande，这是该地区的受欢迎的潜水网站。新金沙线上CICHLIDS住在岩石周围 - 有时称为摇滚鱼 - 那里有岩石，往往有慈鲷。
Having recovered from my journey, the next day was time to dive. We headed out to the island for my first lake dive in Africa and my first high altitude lake dive (Lake Malawi is at 1640ft above sea level).
While gearing up, thedive mastertold me I probably wouldn’t need any weight because the lake is all fresh water and we were using steel tanks. Unconvinced, and just to be safe, I brought two pounds anyway. Turned out I was overweight even with no weights! I had never been on a dive with no weights before.
Kande Island是一个受欢迎的潜水网站，最新金沙线上大的40英尺深，潜水员可以在一个潜水中一直在岛上游泳。不同尺寸的大巨石似乎已经彼此堆叠，营造了几个狭窄的游泳，觉得自己穿过狭窄的峡谷。沿着这些巨石都是马拉维的鱼湖是着名的 - CICHLIDS。
Lake diving, compared to ocean diving, can be a bit drab. No colorful corals or sponges, just a lot of rocks and sand. But for what the lake doesn’t offer in sessile marine life, it offers in beautifully colored fish. Opalescent and midnight blues, lavenders, yellows, and more, the fish speckle the lake with color. Most of the cichlids are small fish, only 2-4 inches, but some of them get up to 3-4 feet!
As divers, we often use the expression that we’re diving in a big aquarium, but never had that felt more true to me. Diving Lake Malawi was like diving the aquarium of my childhood – freshwater. With a sandy and pebbly bottom, a fake sunken boat, and a treasure chest that’s lid-open with bubbles.
Sadly both the beautiful lake and its unique fish are threatened. Over-fishing is a major issue as most of the country of Malawi depends on the fish as their most important source of protein. As the population grows, the prospects of deforestation, increased farming and run-off threaten to pollute the lake.
Diving in Lake Malawi and seeing all the colorful fish was a very unique experience. The calm and warm waters make for easy dives with lots to see. If you happen to find yourself in Malawi, I highly recommend a few dives to check out these distinctive fish.
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