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印度尼西亚禁止曼塔钓鱼,第2部分

Inpart 1,我讨论了围绕曼塔光线保护的经济学以及涉及当地社区的重要性,以便这是一个真正的成功。

I truly believe that the only way for conservation to work is for local communities to benefit economically from the legislation as a whole. If not, the unsustainable practices will either continue, or the cost of enforcing the laws will be extremely high. Here are a couple of by-laws I believe the Indonesian government must implement, alongside the ban, in order for it to be a long-term success.

Local Ownership

有许多成功的故事,其中东道国能够提供通过国家在国家的旅游生成的大量财富,例如,他们的国民们,例如,阿联酋和马尔代夫。新金沙线上

曼达雷

Nationals must own land in theUAEandMaldives,某些内容在该地区运营的外国企业对外国企业来说不可避免地抛弃强制性财富分享计划。外国人将需要当地的商业伙伴,他们又将获得资金,他们可能会重新投入经济。这是一种绕过政府的税收形式 - 通常是一件好事。

Another by-law should dictate a minimum equity percentage belonging to a national. There are a few reasons why this is a good thing. Firstly, with regards to the point about land ownership, it is a form of tax that goes directly to locals in the area. Secondly, it will provide a natural mechanism for ensuring sustainable business practices.

A foreign company may easily focus on short-term gain, after which they would take their capital and move onto another country/area. This can involve cutting corners to reduce costs. Locals are based in the area and would be reluctant to put their name down for a company that is likely to incur fines or legal prosecution, since they would be held accountable as business partners.外国人可以打包并离开。当地人,较少。

强制性最低印尼员工

To spread the wealth further, and avoid only a handful of nationals from benefiting from the tourism industry, the government should have a minimum percentage of nationals that are employed by the business e.g. 50%. That way businesses would be forced to hire locals, since shipping and integrating staff from another part of the country would be less cost effective. In either case, the industry would create tangible jobs.

曼塔剪影

Moreover, there should be strict minimum wages imposed and laws that enforce equal pay for equal positions regardless of nationality.为支持这一举措,政府需要为当地人和培训潜水指南和教师补贴教育。新金沙线上

游客税

税收不应该是游客的毯子费,并应根据活动施加。吸烟者对每包卷烟(只有吸烟者)征税的同样的方式,潜水员应为水肺潜水支付每日许可。新金沙线上新金沙线上应该有一个简单的基于Epovernment的系统,允许所有注册业务(贸易许可证中允许的潜水潜水活动)以数字方式发出此类许可证,并为其支付。新金沙线上同样可以适用于徒步旅行者,冲浪者和其他活动。

This way scuba divers would subsidize the marine conservation of the waters and furthermore, economically weigh down the benefits of tourism vs. fishing.

Programs for Manta Fishermen

曼塔渔民不应该被视为社会的出版物或某种“邪恶人”。他们简直就是为家人提供的穷人,由于这项禁令,谁失去了生计。如果他们没有获得替代收入来源,他们将继续捕鱼,而由于违法行为,曼达雷产品的价格将简单地崛起 - 可能使它更具吸引力。

Fishermen should be able to submit to the program, which should educate them on the benefits sparing mantas, and alternative ways that they can monetize this natural resource, which is primarily theirs. A good start would be to subsidize the education of these fishermen as scuba divers, to at least the dive master level, which would allow them to work as dive guides on liveaboards or static dive centres. Alternatively, these fishermen should be found employed as boat drivers or assistants.

太阳潜水新金沙线上员 - 曼塔雷

另一个大道可以为印度尼西亚政府开设自己的一套可通过补助制度授予的补贴潜水中心。新金沙线上

Counter-Argument

我提到上面提到的所有积分都妨碍了免费市场并介绍了官僚主义,这可能完全减少外国投资。不幸的是,这种方法似乎是实际工作的唯一方法。如果没有这样的措施,捕鱼将继续,死亡蝠的价格由于其违法行为而增加,在短期内创造了供应的减少。从长远来看,由于价格较高,供应可能再次上涨。

强制执行本法将越来越昂贵,因为印度尼西亚拥有巨大的领土水域。下一个问题是你如何惩罚违法者?大罚款不起作用;他们根本没有钱。监狱?这是昂贵的,只会进一步提高这项禁令的成本。而且,它永远不会真正解决这个问题。

If there is one key point of all my articles, it’s to encourage a realistic view of conservation. Conservation of manta rays cannot happen at the expense of people. I would welcome any feedback on my thoughts. I could be totally wrong and would love to initiate dialogue about alternative means to conservation.


进一步阅读

Timur K的所有其他文章

潜水印度尼西亚

潜水澳大利亚和伟大的障碍礁

The 12 Most Endangered Marine Mammals (Part 1)

发表 5月26日,
2017年

author - Timur K

通过




媒体媒体


author - Henry Jager


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Marine Life

巨型曼塔雷 曼达雷 Reef Manta Ray

国家

其他

conservation

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印度尼西亚禁止曼塔钓鱼





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Much like a facebook page - you need to first have a personal account through which you can login and manage the business page.

创建个人帐户后,您将被指示为“我的潜水店”部分,您可以在其中索取现有列表或创建新的部分。新金沙线上

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