曼塔剪影Dancing just below the surface, Manta rays offer a special kind of show.
太阳潜水新金沙线上员 - 曼塔雷Like diving into the sun: Manta Ray at Nusa Penida.
曼达雷Diving with Mantas is one of the most exciting dives you can experience.
I truly believe that the only way for conservation to work is for local communities to benefit economically from the legislation as a whole. If not, the unsustainable practices will either continue, or the cost of enforcing the laws will be extremely high. Here are a couple of by-laws I believe the Indonesian government must implement, alongside the ban, in order for it to be a long-term success.
Another by-law should dictate a minimum equity percentage belonging to a national. There are a few reasons why this is a good thing. Firstly, with regards to the point about land ownership, it is a form of tax that goes directly to locals in the area. Secondly, it will provide a natural mechanism for ensuring sustainable business practices.
A foreign company may easily focus on short-term gain, after which they would take their capital and move onto another country/area. This can involve cutting corners to reduce costs. Locals are based in the area and would be reluctant to put their name down for a company that is likely to incur fines or legal prosecution, since they would be held accountable as business partners.外国人可以打包并离开。当地人，较少。
To spread the wealth further, and avoid only a handful of nationals from benefiting from the tourism industry, the government should have a minimum percentage of nationals that are employed by the business e.g. 50%. That way businesses would be forced to hire locals, since shipping and integrating staff from another part of the country would be less cost effective. In either case, the industry would create tangible jobs.
Moreover, there should be strict minimum wages imposed and laws that enforce equal pay for equal positions regardless of nationality.为支持这一举措，政府需要为当地人和培训潜水指南和教师补贴教育。新金沙线上
This way scuba divers would subsidize the marine conservation of the waters and furthermore, economically weigh down the benefits of tourism vs. fishing.
Programs for Manta Fishermen
曼塔渔民不应该被视为社会的出版物或某种“邪恶人”。他们简直就是为家人提供的穷人，由于这项禁令，谁失去了生计。如果他们没有获得替代收入来源，他们将继续捕鱼，而由于违法行为，曼达雷产品的价格将简单地崛起 - 可能使它更具吸引力。
Fishermen should be able to submit to the program, which should educate them on the benefits sparing mantas, and alternative ways that they can monetize this natural resource, which is primarily theirs. A good start would be to subsidize the education of these fishermen as scuba divers, to at least the dive master level, which would allow them to work as dive guides on liveaboards or static dive centres. Alternatively, these fishermen should be found employed as boat drivers or assistants.
If there is one key point of all my articles, it’s to encourage a realistic view of conservation. Conservation of manta rays cannot happen at the expense of people. I would welcome any feedback on my thoughts. I could be totally wrong and would love to initiate dialogue about alternative means to conservation.
鸣叫s by @thesub2o